Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks

Other Photographic Journal Pages

  

British Journal of Photography - 1876

Communication by HJ Palmer to Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society

Experiences in Working

Gelatino-Bromide Emulsion

Lecture to EPS

Rev HJ Palmer gave a lecture to Edinburgh Photographic Society in January 1876, and followed this up with a communication to EPS, which was published in the British Journal of Photography on 10 March 1876.

Advantages

He spoke of advantages of the gelatino-bromide emulsion over all other processes, whether wet or dry.  Namely:

-  It will give instantaneity in a good light.

-  It is a simpler and more certain mode of working.

-  It produces no fumes of ether, so noxious to some invalids.

-  It is the most inexpensive process that a photogrpaher can adopt.

Problems

He said that failures were normally the result of one of three causes:

1. The character of the light.
Palmer experimented with ruby and other safelights, and as a result of these experiments recommended Forrest's non-actinic orange, plus one thickness of orange tissue paper.  This, he claimed gave absolute freedom from fog, even with bright sunlight passing through it.

2. Want of patience in preparing the emulsion.
Palmer recommended placing the bottle containing the solution of the gelatine pellicle should be placed in a hot bath, and giving frequent stirrings with a glass rod until no soft substance could be detected at the bottom of the bottle.  Only then should the solution be passed through a fine linen to remove bubbles

3. The length of time allowed for the plates to dry spontaneously.
Palmer commented that too long protraction of the drying process could result in blistering at the centre of the plate and frilling at the margin of the plate.  He, and others, had devised apparatus to ensure that the plates could be placed on a level surface and a steady flow of warm dry air passed over them.

The Darkroom

Palmer described the part of his darkroom in which he dried his plates.  His warm air was provided by a paraffin lamp with iron cone attached.  The outlet from this apparatus was:

"fixed at the bottom of the drying cupboard;  the lamp underneath is called the "Rechaud spirit-lamp"  My cupboard contains four shelves, accurately levelled, and sufficiently capacious to hold eight dozen quarter plates or two dozen 9 x 7.

The top is my operating table, and in front are the light-tight doors with lock and key to baffle inquisitive visitors to the darkroom.

The Gelatino Bromide Emulsion Process

Palmer favoured the simplicity of using Kennett's pellicle,  but also gave a list of the ingredients required to make the emulsion ab initio, and instructions on how to mix these.

He also commented on the exposures required when using these plates, and how to intensify the image on the plate, should this be necessary.

Brief details of Palmer's recommendations can be found on the HJ Palmer - Gelatino Bromide Emulsion Process page of this web site.

[BJP: 10 March 1876; page 113]

Here are more pages relating to 
 Photographic Literature

 

Photographic Journals

Background

Early Publications     Titles from the 1850s    
Annuals and Almanacs

The Amateur Photographer

Overview     1891

American Photography

Overview    1910    1911

British Journal of Photography

Overview     PSS + EPS   1861 Adverts  1862    1863    1865    1866 Adverts    1867    1868   1869   1872   1875   1876   1877  1878    1881    1882    1892   1895   1897   1909   1911
1920s-1940s

Edinburgh Photographic Society

EPS Transactions
PSS and EPS in other journals

Journal of the Photographic Society

Overview        PSS        Societies and Editors    

Edinburgh - 1853-58     Edinburgh - 1859-62

Photographic Notes

Overview     PSS

Photographic News

Overview

The Photogram

Overview     1895

Photography

Overview

Practical Photographer

Overview      1891     1892    1895

[Many English Journals]

1891

 

 

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Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks