Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks

 

EPS Wednesday Meetings - Overview

1880s

Achievements to date:

By the 1880s, dry plates were widely used.  John McKean in 1882 gave a lecture:

-   The Modern Photographer: His Power and Appliances

He said:  

"We have seen and heard much of what has been done in the progressive art of photography, in this the gelatine era of its existence, the unlimited rapidity of the modern dry plate, and its application to almost every branch of science. Amongst the mysterious orbs of heaven and the rolling clouds, from Alpine heights to the deepest caverns of the earth, the camera is capable of revealing to the eye of man a mighty store of knowledge."

There was still a place for "do it yourself".

John McKean described the advantages of the Dry Plate:

1st  its simplicity of preparation:  

2nd its extreme rapidity and 

3rd its certainty and convenience in the studio and field.   

He recommended that members should make their own Dry Plates, and went on to give a practical demonstration. The simplicity of preparation he described involved the use of:

"silver nitrate, ammonia bromide, ammonia chloride, ammonia liquor, Nelson’s No 2 gelatine, potassium iodide and  distilled water.  The ingredients should be mixed as directed, first heated in two bottles and a jam pot over a fire or Bunsen burner to 140o shuttering out all actinic light from the room, then at a later stage boiled or “cooked” for 30 minutes"

John McKean finished his lecture and demonstration saying: 

"I know that I have been treading on the toes of commercial plate-makers, but I do it in the interest of the photographic profession;   indeed I question the application of the word 'photographer' to those who do not make their own plates  -  artist if you will, but no more like our fathers in this respect than I to Hercules”.

Looking back

Another glimpse at the state of development of  photography was given by William Forgan in December 1886.  Opening annual viewing of members’ work, with about 260 pictures and other exhibits on display, he delivered  a lecture entitled:

-  The Century of Photography

The Century in question was the 19th Century, which he described as:

 "a Century of the invention and almost perfection of photography."

Mr Forgan looked back to 1829:

"when the first attempts were made to produce an image by chemical means."

Within his own recollection, he spoke of the time when Daguerre was the only process. 

"The more rapid and easier manipulated collodian then came, and the daguerreotype disappeared.  Now, collodion has to give way to the still more rapid gelatine."

Looking forward

The same year, Andrew Pringle, gave his lecture:

Forward

He encouraged members to strive towards improvements and new processes and to share their experiences with other members.

"Our Edinburgh Society has for long been pre-eminent for its numbers, for its pecuniary stability, not to say superfluity  -  for the value of its researches, for the pleasantness of its social reunions, and for the amicability of the intercourse between man and man; but I would fain see our Society come to the front as a propagating agent of new work, as foster-mother to progression, as the Society of the future."

After suggesting possible areas for improvement, including better supports for the emulsion in negative making, and a simple and speedy way of fixing a camera on its stand Mr Pringle ended his lecture with the words:  

“Noo ye’ll be for gaun tae yer beds.”

 Art

Throughout the 1880s, the Society retained its interest in Photography and Art, with titles such as:

-   Recreation in Art

-   Photography and Art 

-   An Early Taste for art and its training:  the importance of this to the beginners in photography

Practical Photography

The main subject of lectures throughout the decade was processing the photograph - both the chemical and practical aspects of the work.  There was discussion of mercury intensifiers, potash developers, ferric reducers, ammonia, pyrogallic acid, dry plates, stripping film, gelatine emulsion, paper negatives and several talks on lantern slides.

Equipment discussed included:

-   Pinhole photography

-   The construction of camera bellows (with demonstration)

-   A  flexible window for the dark tent

-  The “photographoscope” - a new apparatus for exhibiting photographs.

 There were lectures on:

-  micro-photography

solarisation.

Equipment

As well as lectures on equipment, there were also displays of equipment and photographs at many of the EPS meetings.  Here are some of the items that were exhibited during the 1884-85 Season.

-   “Ye Phantom Shutter”

-   Sturrock’s patent washing apparatus

-   McKeller’s patent camera

-   Terras’ vignetting frame

-   Xarious exposure shutters and view finders

-   A machine for coating paper with emulsion

-   Paper negatives with prints and enlargements from them

-   Specimens of prints on new gelatine paper

-   Mr Shadbrooke’s photographs from a balloon.

Travel

Travel featured at several of the Society’s meetings -There were lectures on:

-   Rome, Spain, Norway, Tangiers

-   Maine to California.

Closer to home were:

-   Canterbury, Melrose Abbey

-   Where to go with a Camera in and about Edinburgh

 and, in 1886, the first of several lectures on:

-   Where to go with a Camera in and about Edinburgh

Mr McKean spoke of his meeting with an artist in oil:  

I sprang from my saddle, and there within a mile o’ Edinburgh toon, we indulged in an animated discussion on art versus photography and cycling versus railway ….. Lighting my lamp, I mounted the iron steed once more, and after heating up my friend the artist in a gentle trot for half-a-mile, I left him at the first lamp-post, with the full conviction that photography and cycling after all were too fast for him.”

Edinburgh

Closer to home, Dr. A Hunter gave a lecture in 1885 entitled:

Where to go in with a Camera in and about Edinburgh

Dr. Hunter gave a 20 minute talk, starting with nineteen suggestions for photography, some explained in great detail.  One of his suggestions was:

"A good oval vignette may be taken from the end of Rutland Street near the front of the Caledonian Station at about eleven o’clock, with a number of people about, and cabs waiting for the trains."

 He ended with the reading of a his poem on Edinburgh:

 -  “Auld Caledonia’s Queen”

Portraiture

Portraiture continued to be a popular subject for lectures - but not yet natural history.  Only one lecture in the 1880s dealt with animals:

Some Experiences in Animal Photography (1882)

In this lecture, Charles Reid of Wishaw described his experiences in photographing elephants during a recent visit of Wombwell’s Menagerie to the town, and on another occasion photographing  a huge travelling bear performing in the street.

… and Other Titles

In 1882, William Dougall’s lecture had one of the longest titles ever delivered to EPS:

-   On Photography as a Handmaid to Medical, Surgical and Other Sciences, and as a Pleasant Recreation for a Cultivated Mind

Four years later Hugh Brebner chose a title of similar length:

-   Light and Shade, and the action of certain Ferric Salts used in conjunction with Ferric Hyposulphite in reducing Over-Density

LINKS TO OTHER PAGES

EPS Wednesday Meetings - Index

 

__________________

 

Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks