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EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks

 

EPS Wednesday Meetings - Overview

1900s

Films and Plates

In earlier years the merits of wet plates and dry plates had been debated, the convenience an dry plates ultimately winning the day.   Now was the time for dry plates to be challenged by films.  Lecture titles included:

-   A Talk on Flexible Films as used in Cameras and Cinematographs 

-  Films v. Plates.

Processing and equipment

Practically none of the lectures dealt with cameras and other photographic equipment. Compared to earlier decades, there were fewer lectures on processing the negative and making the print.  

But interest was developing in colour photography. T Cuthbert Day gave lectures on:

Colour Photography in Theory and Practice for Amateurs and

-  The Reproduction of the Photograph by the Half-Tone Process 
for his subject
s

Other titles included:

-  Colour Photography - The Joly, Lippmann and Wood processes 

-  Advances in Colour Photography

-  Various Methods of Colour Photography

Travel

Travel photography included some new destinations

-   A Summer Holiday in Orkney

-   Alpine Mountaineering in Scotland

-   The Spanish Bull Fight

and a variety of transport

Holidays with Camera and Cycle

-  Yachting Photography

With Motor and Camera in Normandy and Touraine

Nature Photography

By the start of the century, nature photography had arrived.  In 1901, Harold Raeburn gave a lecture:

Birds Nest Photography

 He said:

It is barely ten years ago or so since the camera began to be employed at all usually, in the portrayal of wild animals and birds in their native haunts."  

He spoke of the great difficulties encountered, and how he did not favour using telephoto lenses which increased the chance of vibration - one of the most frequent causes of failure:

"owing to the conditions under which many nest photos must be taken … the camera planted on the topmost boughs of some lofty tree, the quaggy bottom of some reedy lake, or precariously clinging to a very inadequate ledge on a dizzy cliff.

Four years later, Rev H N Bonar gave his lecture:

·      Some Methods of Photographing Wild Birds

The EPS Transactions report that Rev Bonar was awarded a very hearty vote to thanks, and commented that:

"perhaps the most gratifying part of the whole paper is … that the ornithologist may now be a lover of birds and not a slayer of them."

Rev. Bonar listed the following problems that could arise, after finding a suitable site for bird photography:

1.    The apparatus may fail to release the shutter

2.    The light may suddenly change, and give you a wrong exposure

3.    The plate may be spoiled  in developing

4.    The plate may be fogged if the day is very sunny

5.    The plate may be cracked in the holder

6.    You may focus wrongly, or the bird may perch out of focus

7.    The camera may get slewed round a little

8.    The camera may rock with the wind, especially if fixed in a tree

9.    The bird may perch, but fly away too soon 

10.  The bird may perch just outside the area covered by the lens

11.  The bird may spoil the plate with movement

12.  The bird may turn its back to the camera

13.  The bird may be indistinguishable from the background

14.  The bird may never come at all.

Other lectures on birds and animals were:

- Photography as a help to the Study of Ornithology

- Wild Animals as depicted by our Forefathers

Different subjects, and techniques

There is evidence of photography being used for a wider range of subjects:

Photography in Medicine and Surgery

-   The Scientific Value of Photography in Astronomical Investigations

-   Lawn Tennis Photography

X-Ray Photography.

Techniques included:

-   High Speed Photography

-   Night Photography

-   Silhouette Photography

Photography and Fine Art

Interest in Fine Art continued, with usually two evenings each season devoted to the subject.  Titles included:

-   Michael Angelo

-  Composition and Light-and-Shade in Turner’s Liber Studiorum

-   Thoughts Suggested by the Rembrandt Tercentenary.

Debates were to become a regular feature of  the EPS Syllabus in later years   In 1906, the Society debated the question:

- Does Photography find its most artistic Expression in Impressionism?

And finally ….

In 1909, James Baillie, ex-President of the Glasgow & West of Scotland Photographic Association, delivered a lecture entitled:

Mistakes I have Made.

He broke down his mistakes by cause:-

" -  Want of knowledge

   -  Carelessness"

His faults included:

" -  Not buying a thermometer

-  Scratching plates

-  Yellow fog and green fog

- Camera had blown over through not spreading the legs wide enough

-  Difficulty in keeping his focusing cloth on, especially on a blowy day, so he had put button holes in it to fix it to the camera."

 

LINKS TO OTHER PAGES

EPS Wednesday Meetings - Index

 

 

__________________

 

Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks