Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks

 

1839  -  Talbot and Daguerre

Talbot

   Talbot  -  Hair down, Collar up ©

The Discovery of Photography

The year 1839 marks the start of photography, as we know it today. Both Daguerre (1787-1851) and Talbot (1800-1877) had been experimenting independently for several years on their different photographic processes when Daguerre announced his discovery to the world in Paris on 7 January 1839.

This prompted William Henry Fox Talbot to display the results of his negative/positive process to the Royal Institution in London (the same organization as today presents the BBC Christmas Lectures) on 25 January 1839.  He then presented a Paper to the Royal Society on 31 January 1839, describing his process as “photogenic drawing”.

Talbot sent examples of his work in early February 1839 to Sir David Brewster, who was later to become the first President of the Photographic Society of Scotland (PSS) and an Honorary Member of Edinburgh Photographic Society (EPS). 

The announcements by Talbot and Daguerre were made about eighteen months into the reign of Queen Victoria, and about eighteen months before she married Prince Albert.  Both Queen Victoria and Prince Albert became keen enthusiasts of photography and collectors of photographs.  Prince Albert became the first Patron of PSS.  He died in the year that EPS was established.

Early Photography in Edinburgh

The discovery of photography created immediate interest amongst the citizens of Edinburgh.  In 1839, papers on the subject were read at Meetings of The Society of Arts for Scotland, and James Howie held a daguerreotype exhibition.  Soon afterwards, he opened Scotland’s first daguerreotype studio at his premises in Princes Street.

 

1839  -  Exhibition

Exhibition of Arts, Manufacturers

The Exhibition of Arts, Manufacturers and Practical Science was held at  Assembly Halls, George Street, from 24 Dec 1839 until 7 Jan 1840.  

Twenty photographs (or photogenic drawings) by Talbot were exhibited, together with a Photogenic Camera made by Mr Davidson, who would soon be making cameras for Robert Adamson.

The Exhibition attracted over 50,000 visitors.  [Larry L Schaaf: Studies in Photography 1998, p27]

Question

Photographs by Daguerre were also exhibited in Edinburgh in December 1839  [David Bruce]  Were these exhibited at the same exhibition?

 

Other Early Edinburgh Photographers

Thomas Davidson played a prominent part in the early development of photography in Edinburgh, both as an early photographer and as a maker of photographic equipment from 1839 onwards, including equipment for Hill & Adamson a few years later.

Mungo Ponton reported to Edinburgh on some early discoveries in photography, from 1839 onwards.

 

1843  -  Hill &  Adamson

 

 

David Octavius Hill may have been introduced to the calotype process by his friend, Hugh Miller,  before setting up in partnership with Robert Adamson who had recently set up a calotype business at Rock House, Edinburgh in 1843.  Hugh Miller published an article on the calotype process in his paper, The Witness, on 12 July 1843.

 Hill & Adamson established their studio at Rock House, Calton Hill in 1843, and created over five thousand prints from their calotype negatives over the next four years.  There work is well documented elsewhere, so I have made only passing reference to it on this web site.

Several other professional photographers set up business in Princes Street in the 1840s.

 

 Photographic Societies

1840s

In the early 1840s a group of amateur photographers, mainly from the legal profession, visited Sir David Brewster in St Andrews to discover how to use Talbot’s Calotype Process.  They returned to Edinburgh, and, around 1843, formed The Edinburgh Calotype Club

This was, perhaps, the earliest photographic society in the world.

1850s

In 1851, the wet collodion process was announced.  At that time photography was becoming more popular and more widely available.

A few photographic societies were established in Britain.  

One of the first, in 1856 was Photographic Society of Scotland.

Photographic Outing  -  1856

    Stereo pair of photographs  -  PSS Outing, 1856 ©

1860s

In 1861, Edinburgh Photographic Society was established.

Both the PSS and EPS held Annual Exhibitions.  Early exhibitions attracted entries from some of the most renowned photographers in Britain.

Both societies held meetings for their own members, and Popular Meetings which brought photography to the wider public in Edinburgh, and no doubt attracted a few more Members to the societies.

Edinburgh Photographic Society offered practical meetings with less formality than PSS.  Membership grew rapidly.  The annual subscription was set at five shillings, and remained at that level for over thirty years.

 

__________________

 

Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks