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EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks

 

History of

Granton Harbour

 

Granton Harbour

Looking to Granton Eastern Harbour from Middle Pier  -  6 Jul;y 2004

Granton Harbour lies on the Firth of Forth, to the west of Leith and Newhaven harbours, about three miles to north of Edinburgh.

It was constructed over a period of about thirty years in the 19th century using stone chiefly quarried from adjacent land owned by the Duke of Buccleuch.  It provided a deep water harbour for the steamships that were gradually replacing the old sailing ships.

The middle pier (1,700 ft long and between 80 and 160 ft wide) and two breakwaters (each over 3,000 ft long) created two harbours:

-  Western Harbour (67 acres)

-  Eastern Harbour (52 acres).

Much of Western Harbour was reclaimed in the 20th century, and more is now being reclaimed as part of the Edinburgh Waterfront project.

Details below are taken from the book Stranger on the Shore by James Gracie, who received details from His Grace the Duke of Buccleuch in compiling the chapter on Granton Harbour.

 

Granton Quarry

Granton Quarry, owned by the Duke of Buccleuch,  was situated at Granton Point, about a mile to the west of where Granton Middle Pier was built. 

1835

Work began on Middle Pier, and later the breakwaters, for Granton Harbour, using stone from Granton Quarry.

1838

In 1838, thirty-three years after the death of Nelson in the Battle of Trafalgar,  Londoners held a competition for the design of a monument in honour of Nelson.  The design chosen was a 17ft high statue of Nelson to be erected on a column in Trafalgar Square.

1840

In October 1840, a sample of stone was sent from Granton Quarry to London for the sculptor, Bailey, to test.

1842-3

In July 1842, large blocks of stone from Granton Quarry arrived in London for the statue.  The statue was completed in 1843 and erected on 3 November 1843.

1855

The quarry was flooded and lost to the sea.

Edinburgh Evening News:  21 October 2005, p.12.

 

Middle Pier

  Edinburgh Waterfront  -  Looking up Middle Pier from Granton Square

1835

Work began on Middle Pier, financed by the Duke of Buccleuch.

1838

The Pier was named Victoria Jetty, after Queen Victoria.  It was partially completed and opened on her Coronation Day, 28 June 1838

1842

Queen Victoria visited Edinburgh, arriving at Middle Pier, Granton, in the Royal Yacht, Royal George.

Queen Victoria departed on board the 'Trident', on 15 September 1842.

'Trident'

  Queen Victoria departs Granton Harbour on the 'Trident' on 15 September 1842

1844

The 1,700 ft pier was completed in October 1844.

1844

About five miles to the north, on the northern shores of the Firth of Forth, a new pier was opened at Burntisland in September 1844, partly financed by the Duke of Buccleuch, so enabling ferries to run between Granton and Burntisland

 

Western Breakwater

Edinburgh Waterfront  -  A cyclist reaches the end of Western Breakwater, Granton Harbour  -  14 September 2003

1842

Building of the Western Breakwater commenced.

1849

The breakwater had reached 1,500 ft.

c.1851

The breakwater was completed;  length 3,100 ft.

 

Eastern Breakwater

Granton's Eastern Breakwater  -  A busy scene on a fine Autumn day  -  6 Octppber 2002

1853

Work began on Eastern Breakwater,  starting with its outer 1,000 ft section!  Stone was brought from Granton Quarry along the Western Breakwater and then along a wooden bridge.

1860s?

The remaining 2,100 ft section of the breakwater was built, joining it to the shore.  The breakwater was built 25ft wide at the top and 150 ft wide at its base.

 

Question 1

Built by Convicts?

In July 2006 I received the this message from Andy Merrylees,  now living n Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada:

Andy wrote:

Built by Convicts

"Looking at the Granton Breakwater photos, I remember my father telling me that the stone causeways were built by convicts.

I have never researched this, but I was wondering if you knew anything about this."

I don't know the answer to this question.  If you can help to answer it, please e-mail me.

Thank you.    -  Peter Stubbs

 

Answer 1

Granton and Burntisland Engineers

William Howkins wrote:

Harbour Engineers

"I am researching old records of Granton Harbour as my Great-great grandfather, John Howkins, and his son, also John Howkins were Harbour Engineers and factor to the Duke of Buccleuch from about 1840 until early 1900s. JH junior died in 1906.

I have no idea if convicts were used for the construction of the breakwaters.

I was very pleased to find your old plan of the harbour and the old photographs on the web site. As a harbour engineer myself, I am especially interested in the works my forefathers undertook, which included the harbour at Burntisland.  

Perhaps you have some other information about the Howkinses or suggestions of where I can search? If so, I would be most interested in hearing from you."

William Howkins, Denmark:  February 23, 2008

I don't have any further information myself, but if you have any information or suggestions that you would like me to pass on to William, please e-mail me then I'll pass on your message to him.

Thank you.    -  Peter Stubbs:

 

Answer 2

The Howkins Family

Thank you to Ian McHaffie for following up William Howkins' request for further information about the Howkins family  (in Answer 1 above).

Ian wrote:

Harbour Engineers

"I know quite a bit about the Howkins family.  They used to live in Moray Lodge, Trinity ** .  This house used to be called Queensberry Place.  It was built  by / for John Hawkins in 1850, but sadly was demolished in 1990.

Before that, they lived in South Cottage in Boswall Road.

The wife of John Howkins Jun.  was daughter of Thomas Belk, from Hartlepool, as mentioned on their grave in Warriston Cemetery, Edinburgh.

Speculation

I wonder if Jim Hawkins in "Treasure Island" by R L Stevenson was in any way named from John Howkins?  RLS was from an engineering family too and I expect his father and probably he knew the Howkins family!"

Ian McHaffie, Trinity, Edinburgh:  June 1, 2009

**  Moray Lodge' that  Ian mentions was  No 176 Granton Road, near the junction with Boswall Road, overlooking Granton Harbour.

I've passed on William Howkins' contact details to Ian McHaffie, so I hope that Ian has now been able to make contact with William concerning the Howkins family.

- Peter Stubbs:  June 2, 2009

 

Answer 3

The Howkins Family

Thank you to Ian McHaffie for writing again with more information about John Howkins' family, including:

details from the 1851 and 1861 censuses

a photo of South Cottage

photos of Warriston Graveyard.

Ian tells me that John Howkins' gravestone is on the wall of the railway line, now a cycle path on the south side of Warriston Cemetery.  The inscription on his gravestone reads:

MARY  COLLIER

WIFE OF

JOHN HOWKINS

DIED ON 24TH JULY 1877

AGED 78 YEARS

JOHN HOWKINS

CIVIL ENGINEER

DIED ON 26TH JULY 1877

AGED 70 YEARS

LOUISA

DAUGHTER OF THE ABOVE

AND WIFE OF JOHN WARRINGTON MORRIS

DIED 4TH MARCH 1877

AGED 41 YEARS

BURIED AT ILFORD CEMETERY, ESSEX

JOHN HOWKINS  M INST CE

DIED AT GRANTON

28TH APRIL 1906

AGED 66 YEARS

MARY

WIFE OF THE ABOVE

AND DAUGHTER OF THE LATE THOMAS BELK,

RECORDER AND TOWN CLERK OF HARTLEPOOL,

DIED 2ND MARCH 1925

AGED 81 YEARS

 

Acknowledgement: Ian McHaffie, Trinity, Edinburgh:  June 2, 2009

 

Answer 4

The Howkins Family

Thank you to Christopher Belk, now living in NE Wales, who who followed up the comments that William Hawkins, Denmark, wrote in Recollections 1 above,

Christopher wrote:

Granton Harbour

"I hit the EdinPhoto website when researching my great-great grandfather, Thomas Belk.

It seems that it was his daughter who married John Howkins. No doubt this was because JH worked at Hartlepool or thereabouts before Granton

So Mr. Howkins (Answer 1 above) is probably my 4th cousin or thereabouts!

Christopher Beck,
son of Humphrey,
son of Thomas 2,
son of John Thomas
son of Thomas 1 (all solicitors)
:

December 5, 2011

I've now forwarded Christopher's comments above to William Hawkins.

- Peter Stubbs December 15, 2011

 

More photos around Granton

Waterfront

Recollections

  Granton, Trinity and Wardie

Maps

Granton Harbour

History and Questions

Granton Harbour

Photos

Around Edinburgh

  

__________________

 

Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks