Engravings and Engravers


Early Engravers

This section is listed in approximately chronological order
but with exceptions - especially where links are made between engravers.



Edinburgh has a long tradition of book publishing, extending into the 20th century.  Early engravers in Edinburgh included:

-   John Clarke (engraving,1690),
Archibald Bourden
(engraver by 1718), 
Robert Miln
(engraver by 1718),
Robert Woode
(engraver by 1718),
John Clerk (b. Penicuik 1728;  d. Edinburgh 1812) an amateur known as 'Clerk of Eldin.'

-   Richard Cooper (b.1705) worked with his apprentices 
Robert Strange
(b.1721) and 
Andrew Bell
(d.1809), proprietor of Encyclopedia Britannica published in Edinburgh in 1768

-   Andrew Bell (above) subsequently worked with his own apprentices
Francis Legat (1755-1809) and the topographical engraver, 
Alexander Robertson
(fl. late C18). 
[This is the first reference I have found to topographical work by Edinburgh engravers.]



-   David Allan (b.1744, painter living in Edinburgh from 1780)  
was the first Scottish engraver to practice aquatint.

-   John Kay (b.1742 Dalkeith;  d.1826 Edinburgh) was a miniaturist, caricaturist and engraver.  Two large volumes of his caricatures of Edinburgh personalities have been published.

Smith and Brodie - after Kay

 Caricature of George Smith and Deacon Brodie after Kay

-   Alexander Robertson (above) then employed an apprentice,
Robert Scott (1777-1841) who produced copper engravings for books.  He produced many Scottish landscapes, including 12 views around Edinburgh.

-   Robert Scott (above) had sons who took up engraving and etching:
David Scott RSA,
etcher,  and 
William Bell Scott

-   James Stewart (also painter, b.1791)
John Horsburgh
Douglas Hay
Thomas Brown
William Douglas and 
John Burnet
were all pupils of Robert Scott

-   Francis Lamb (born in Leith, c.1775-1850)
John Beugho (
or Beugo)
Edward Mitchell
( fl. early C19), and
produced engravings from paintings.  Beugho was a friend of Robert Burns whose portrait he engraved.



Walter Geikie RSA (b. Edin 1795, d. Edin 1837) etcher, was also a painter and a draftsman.  He became deaf and dumb as the result of a fever

John Burnet (b. Fisherrow, 1784-1868)  was a well respected painter and engraver.  He moved to London in 1806, and continued to work until 1860.  He produced a number of large engravings after Wilkie (with whom he studied) and some after Turner.  The Tate Gallery and National Maritime Museum have his paintings in their collections.

William Howison ARSA (1798-1850 or 1851)
was educated at Heriot's Hospital.  He lived at 8 Frederick Street, engraved Sir George Harvey's paintings of Curlers and Covanenters' Communion.  

Robert Charles Bell (b. Edin 1806, d. Edin 1872) served his apprenticeship under John Beugho a the Trustees' Academy.  He was father of the painter, Robert P Bell

-   David Lizars (portrait engraver, d.1812)
was a pupil of Andrew Bell

Francis Croll  (b. Musselburgh 1827;  d. Edinburgh 1854) completed his apprenticeship under Robert Charles Bell.

  [Main sources:  Book of the Old Edinburgh Club, Vol 9John C Guy  +  Prints & Printmaking, Raymond Lister


Engravers and Engraving


Modern Athens - 1829

Old & New Edinburgh - 1890

Other engravings

Early engravers

More recent engravers

Engravings and Engravers

Engravings - index



Etchers etc


A selection of  Engravings