Canal Street Station

1847 - 1868

Edinburgh's Railways  -  Canal Street Station

    peter.stubbs@edinphoto.org.uk

Canal Street Station

    Detail from a picture based on a watercolour by Ebsworth  -  View to the East from the Scott Monument in 1847

Edinburgh's second railway was operated by the Edinburgh, Leith and Newhaven Railway Company.

It was five years after the railway opened that it reached the centre of Edinburgh, at Canal Street Station.

1842:  Canonmills to Newhaven:

1846:  Canonmills to Granton:

1847:  Canal Street to Granton:  -  The line from Scotland Street station was extended to the south towards Edinburgh, rope-hauled through a newly constructed tunnel under Scotland Street, leading up a 1 in 28 incline to Canal Street station.

The route to the north between Scotland Street station and Granton, locomotives were introduced to replace the horses.  2

Canal Street station was, in fact situated a little further east than the plan above suggests.  It was adjacent to, and immediately to the north of,  North British Railway's North Bridge station.

Waverley station now includes the land occupied by both the North Bridge Station and Canal Street Station.  The bricked up entrance to the Scotland Street tunnel can still be seen from the most northern platform of Waverley Station.

Scotland Street Tunnel

1847:   Canal Street - Granton:  -  A tunnel with a gradient of 1 in 27 was constructed under Scotland Street to enable the line at Scotland Street station to be extended to Canal Street station in the centre of Edinburgh

A stationery engine was used to rope-haul the trains up the line through the tunnel.

1868:  The tunnel was abandoned when a new line from North Bridge station to Abbeyhill and Trinity was opened.

1940s: The tunnel served as an air raid shelter for part of Central Edinburgh during World War II.  The remains of the air raid shelter apparently still exist in the middle of the tunnel.

1967:  Scotland Street Yard continued to operate as a coal depot until 1967    4

1970s: The most recent use that I know of for the tunnel was for growing mushrooms in the dark damp conditions.  I read a reference to this in the press, probably around the 1970s.

1:  'Yesterday's Railways: Edinburgh'  Publ: Railway Correspondence and Travel Society  ISBN 0 9508595 0 8

 

 

STATIONS mentioned on the EDINBURGH RAILWAYS pages

B

Balerno

Balgreen

Barnton

Berwick

Blackford Hill

Burntisland

C

Canal Street

Canonmills

Corstorphine

Craigleith

Craiglockhart Road

D

Dalkeith

Dalry Road

Davidson's Mains

Duddingston & Craigmillar

E

East Pilton

G

Glasgow

Gorgie

Granton Gas Works

Granton Road

H

Haymarket

L

Leith Central

Leith Citadel

Leith North

Lothian Road

M

Morningside Road

N

Newhaven (Cal)

Newhaven (NB)

Newington

Niddrie

North Bridge

P

Perth

Pinkhill

Portobello

Princes Street

S

Scotland Street

Sheriffhall

St Leonard's

T

Trinity

W

Waverley

Map

 Map of some of Edinburgh's Railways since 1831

 

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